CSE Style: Scientific Writing Made 100% Easy - Custom Scholars

CSE Style: Scientific Writing Made 100% Easy

The CSE style of academic writing was created in the 1960s by the Council of Science Editors who were known as the Council of Biology Editors back then. The Council of Science Editors is a brainchild of the American Institute of Biological Sciences and the National Science Foundation. It was intended to provide style and format guidelines for editors of peer-reviewed biology journals.

Over the decades, its scope grew to include many fields of scientific research in both the life sciences and physical sciences. In 2000, the organization became known as the Council of Science Editors (CSE). The style then became known as the CSE style.

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CSE Style

Citation and Referencing in CSE Style

The CSE Style uses a name-year system. This system uses the last name of the author and the year of publication in parenthesis just like APA.

Referencing in CSE Style

The reference list in CSE style just like other referencing styles comes at the end of your paper and includes full bibliographic information for all of the sources cited in the text. The references are listed in alphabetical order by first author last name.

Components of sources in the reference list

The following components, if available, are included when citing a source in CSE style, in the following sequence:

Books and other monographs

 

 

Author(s) or Editor(s)

Year of publication

Title

Content or medium designator

Edition

Secondary author(s)

 

 

Place of Publication

Publisher

Pagination

Series

Journal and newspaper articles

 

 

Author(s)

Year of publication

Article title

Content or medium designator

Journal or newspaper title

Volume

Issue

Pagination

Points to Note

Author(s) or Editor(s)

List the last names and initials of the authors in the order in which they appear in the original document, and separate each one with a comma.

Last Name InitialInitial, Last Name InitialInitial

If the document has editors rather than authors, follow the names with a comma and “editor(s)”:

Last Name InitialInitial, Last Name InitialInitial, editors.

 

More than ten authors

Always include the names of the first ten authors. If there are more than ten, the CSE Style guide directs to include the first ten author names only, followed by a comma and “et al.”

Secondary author(s)

Secondary authors include translators, illustrators, editors or producers, and may be included in the reference, in addition to the principal author(s), after the book title:

Author Last Name InitialInitial. Year. Book Title. Editor Last Name Initial, designation. City…

Title

The CSE Style manual includes both the title and subtitle, retaining the punctuation used in the original document. For books and journal article titles, capitalize only the first word, as well as proper nouns, acronyms and initials. All significant words in journal titles may be capitalized:

Book: The library book

Journal: American Journal of Neuroscience

Content designator

Content designators in CSE Style describe the format of a document, and may be used to provide additional information with regards to the nature of a document (e.g. dissertations, theses, bibliographies, and certain types of journal articles such as editorials, letters to the editor, news, etc.). Content designators appear in square brackets directly after the title:

Author Name. Year. Title [Designator]. City…

Content Designator for Non-Print

Medium designators in CSE Style indicate that the document is in a non-print format, such as “microfiche”, “CD-ROM”, or “Internet”. Medium designators are required and appear in square brackets directly after the title:

Author Name. Year. Title [Designator]. City…

 

Place of Publication and Publisher

The place of publication refers to the city where the publisher is located. This information is usually found on the title page of the book in question. If no place of publication can be found use the words [place unknown] in square brackets. If more than one city is listed, CSE requires that you use only the first one that appears. Certain cities may stand alone

(E.g. New York), but in order to avoid confusion, the country name may be written out or 2 letter ISO country code included (e.g. United Kingdom: GB). For Canadian or U.S. cities, the two letter province or state code may be included.

Pagination

If using only part of a published work (i.e. a journal article, or a book chapter), the CSE Style manual indicates the pagination of the section you are referring to. Pagination is optional if you are referring to the entire work.

Series

If the document is part of a series, you must add the series title and volume number at the end of the entry.

In a reference list prepared in CSE style, different sources are referenced in different ways. Although, the distinction is minimal. Still, it is imperative that you pay attention especially to the punctuation marks that come after each element.

The References Page:

Documents using the CSE style of citation must contain a “References” page at the end of the text. The following are some examples of how to cite commonly used references:

 

Books

One Author Author(s). Year. Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher.
Multiple authors Author Last Name InitialInitial, Author Last Name InitialInitial, Author Last Name InitialInitial. Year. Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher.
Chapter Author(s). Year. Chapter title. In: Book title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher. p. Pages of the chapter.
Edited Book Editor name(s), editors. Year. Book title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher.
Chapter in Edited Book Author(s) of the part. Year. Chapter title. In: Editor name(s), editors. Book title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher. p. Pages of the chapter.
Book in a series Author(s). Year. Book Title. Edition. City of Publication: Publisher. (Series title; vol. #)
E-Book Author(s) or Editor(s). Year. Book Title [medium designator]. Edition. Place of Publication: Publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL

 

Journal Article

Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal name. Volume (Issue): Pages.

Author(s). Year. Article title. Journal name [medium designator]. [Date updated; date cited]; Volume (Issue): Pages (if available). Available from: URL or DOI

Website

Title of website [medium designator]. Date of publication. Place of publication: Publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL

Author(s). Date of publication. Title [medium designator]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; [date updated; date cited]. Available from: URL

Conference Proceedings

Author(s). Year. Title of paper. In: Editor name(s), editors. Title of Volume. Number and name of conference; date of conference; location of conference. Place of publication: Publisher. p. Pages.

Thesis or Dissertations

Author(s). Year. Title [content designator]. [Place of Publication]: Publisher (often a university).

 

In-Text Citation in CSE

 

It is important to cite the original source when using an idea, quotation, data, image, etc. that is not your own. Failing to cite your sources constitutes plagiarism. The Council of Science Editors (CSE) style is a standard citation style used across many disciplines in the physical and life sciences.

CSE style allows you to select from one of three systems to cite sources:

Citation-Name: Uses superscript numerals to identify in-text citations. In the alphabetized reference list, each numeral corresponds with a unique reference.

Citation-Sequence: Uses superscript numerals to identify in-text citations. In the reference list, sources are numbered sequentially by the order in which they appear in the text (so they may not be in alphabetical order by author).

Name-Year: Uses parenthetical in-text citations that include author name and the year of publication. The reference list is ordered alphabetically by author name.

In-text citation looks different in different situations. It is important to mix up the design in which sources are design so that there is no monotony.

The first design is the usual source in parenthesis:

All myths and false beliefs about libraries were debunked (Orlean 2019).

The second is a kind of narrative citation:

Orlean (2019) debunked all myths about libraries.

Then there is a second narrative citation that makes the third design:

In 2019, Orlean debunked all myths about libraries in her book.

In some cases, like when quoting a specific section of the source you may need to pinpoint the exact position of the quotation:

“The hill used to be higher, but when it was chosen as the site of the library…” (Orlean 2019, p.3)

The Name-Year system is recommended by many professors but if you’re not sure which system to use, be sure to check.

One Author

(Author’s Last Name, Publication Year)

Citing a book in CSE Style

 

(Orlean 2019)

 

Two Authors

(Author’s Last Name and Author’s Last Name Year)

 

More Than Two Authors

(Author Last Name et al. Year)

 

Multiple Works by Different Authors

(Author Last Name Year; Author Last Name Year; Author Last Name Year)

 

Multiple Works by the Same Author Published in the same year

(Author Last Name Yeara; Author Last Name Yearb)

 

Secondary or Indirect Source

In this case, the best option is always to look for the original source and cite it directly. However, if you are unable to find the original like if for example the source is an old book that may not be in circulation anymore then you can go ahead and cite it like this:

(Secondary Author Last Name Year, cited in Primary Author Last Name)

 

Corporate Author

If the author of a document is an organization, corporation, government department, university, etc., use an abbreviated form of the organization in the in-text citation, by retaining the first letter of each word in the name, or some other recognized abbreviation:

(UNEP 2019)

All of these pieces must match the corresponding reference list entry exactly! Each in-text citation must be associated with an item in a comprehensive list of references at the end of your paper.  Pay attention to your formatting when constructing your reference list. While CSE is not as particular as other citation styles, losing points on an assignment for poorly formatted citations is easily avoided.

Conclusion

CSE Style is easy to get. The punctuation in referencing and the design of citation is simple enough. However, it might still challenge you especially if you are used to other styles of academic writing. Therefore, rather than add to your confusion how about you let us help you out?

Reach out to Custom Scholars for all your academic writing needs. We will surely have someone online at whatever time you need them to help you execute CSE Style perfectly.

 

 

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