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Learn How to Write a Synthesis Essay

It is an essay that takes a position on a certain issue and then backs it up with data gathered from various sources. It is a synthesis and fusion of several sources that share a similar point of view and create a common assertion.

The author selects a point of view and offers a claim with supporting evidence to establish it. You must collect thoughts and points that support your essay topic and argument for these sorts of essays.

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It uses articles, essays, reviews, fiction, lectures, interviews, research papers, and observations as sources. They are used by students to gather evidence for their study subject.


The essay writing process is divided into four basic steps.

  1. Combining data from different sources
  2. Presenting a claim
  3. Crafting the essay
  4. Talking with the text

Synthesis Essay Types


There are two types of a synthesis essay:

  1. The Explanatory Synthesis

An explanatory synthesis defines a concept such that the reader may readily grasp it. An explanation or background synthesis assists readers in comprehending a given topic. It entails meticulous reading and presenting of facts and information.

  1. The Argumentative Synthesis

Similarly, the explanatory essay focuses on presenting and explaining a topic from a neutral standpoint. Argumentative synthesis rationally supports and conveys a specific argument or assertion.

The argumentative synthesis paper begins with a solid thesis statement that is both arguable and disputed.

The writer adds pertinent material, statistics, and sources to back up its issue and present it in a logical flow to support the argument.

How to Start a Synthesis Essay

Because it is a specialized style of writing, there are a few tactics you may use to ace this essay. These approaches will assist you in starting the essay and avoiding typical faults and mistakes.
Compile the Data

The most basic strategy, it entails assembling and describing your most relevant materials, as well as summarizing them. It contains no of your unique ideas or points of view and is simply based on summarizing the sources.

Examples and Visuals

Visuals are the finest way to express claims and points of view. You may include quotations or examples from other sources, as well as your own unique experiences. Visuals such as graphs, charts, and real-life events and images might be included to make a lasting impression.

Presenting Two or More Supporting Reasons

In this strategy, you provide your assertion and back it with pertinent reasons. You demonstrate the statement’s truth by offering several justifications and facts.

Straw man Technique

Have you ever seen someone include opposing viewpoints in a discussion? This is referred to as the straw man technique.

You provide the opposing viewpoints or facts first, followed by your arguments for not supporting that assertion. It demonstrates your understanding of the opposing viewpoint and the reasons you are challenging it.

Concession Technique

The concession strategy admits the valid point of opposition but argues and establishes that your point of view is superior. The strategy is especially useful when the audience is divided.

Comparison and Contrast Technique

You provide both the opposing and comparing points of view while examining the similarities and contrasts between the two. This strategy allows you to study the issue as a whole, which may not be possible while using other strategies.

How to Write a Synthesis Essay

  1. Choose a Topic

Choose a topic that is neither too wide nor too narrow to make the writing process simpler. Use brainstorming strategies to find the finest solution for your essay.

  1. Collect Information

The first stage is to gather information for an essay. You must search many sources for pertinent facts to assist you construct your thesis statement.

  1. Synthesis Essay Thesis Statement

A strong thesis statement should communicate the primary topic of your work in an engaging manner. It is critical to provide crucial ideas and arguments.

  1. Synthesis Essay Outline

The following are the general components of a synthesis essay outline.


Synthesis Essay Introduction
Begin your beginning to your essay with an intriguing and captivating hook statement. The beginning of your essay is the most significant element.

If you don’t want your readers to abandon your essay in the middle, make your start strong. Explain and expand on the core issue, as well as give the thesis statement.

Synthesis Essay Body Paragraphs


You can include as many supporting points as you wish, but each paragraph must begin with an argument or assertion supported by specific evidence. Rather than shifting around the source sources, the paragraphs should follow your thoughts and claims.


Synthesis Essay Conclusion


A strong and memorable close, like a good and memorable introduction, is essential for concluding your essay. Instead of just putting anything generically and without any link, it is preferable to include your essay’s thesis statement and your justifications for supporting it.


 Finalize your Essay

You will double-check your synthesis essay before submitting it. Ensure that all prerequisites for a perfect paper are satisfied, including grammatical and spelling issues and correct formatting in line with university norms.

Synthesis Essay Structure


Structure Description
Logical Order This is also helpful if the ideas are related to each other. If the first ideas are simpler than the latest, then it is easier for people to understand. This is similar to an essay where the ideas are in order from oldest to newest. But this cannot be used for an argumentative essay.
Climatic Order You should present your arguments in order from the least important or persuasive. The reasoning behind this is that the reader will remember the last argument more, so they will remember the most critical point.
Comparison and Contrast Order There are two ways to compare and contrast ideas in a synthesis essay. You can summarize each source, then discuss the similarities and differences. Alternatively, you can present each idea block by block, discussing each one completely as you go. You can move point by point or back and forth.
Chronological Order The order of your thoughts is important when writing a synthesis essay. This is because you want to make sure that the ideas are in the same order as they were presented in the original text. This will help your essay make sense, and it will be easier for your reader to follow.
Anticlimactic Order Starting with your strongest points, this is the order you will present your ideas in an argumentative essay. This will allow you to build up to your most important points and make a stronger case. Moving on to weaker ideas towards the end of your essay will not have as much of an impact.
Problem/Solution Order The essay begins by presenting the problem. The rest of the piece is spent giving solutions to the problem. Solutions can be given in any order.




Synthesis Essay Writing Tips

  • Use your sources to support your claims and point of view reasonably.
  • Present original thoughts and ideas and prove the claims with substantial evidence.
  • The paper should be logically and seamlessly organized. All the ideas must form a rapport in a way that guides the reader.
  • All body paragraphs should have topic sentences that are the main points. Once the ideas are compiled, the paper should present the main ideas thoroughly.
  • The paper should have easy and precise words and the use of vocabulary should be careful and natural.
  • Proofreading is key to a great synthesis essay. The paper should be crisp and clean from any grammar and spelling errors.


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