The Vancouver style was created by professionals in the medical field back in the late 1970s. The editors of medical journals came together and developed a style of academic writing specifically to serve clinical and other scientific disciplines. Vancouver uses a numeric system to reference sources. The style uses numbers that correspond to entries in the reference list.
The pool of research and literature available grows every day. Scientists are constantly building on the work of those who came before them. Referencing ensures that those who came before are credited and acknowledged. It also points readers to those works that came before and prepared the stage for current findings. The creators of the vancouver style edit and update the manual to reflect this.
Deciding what to reference or cite is not specific to Vancouver or whatever other style you may be using. The quantity of sources you refer to in your work relies upon the plan of the paper. By and large, you should refer to representative sources for each key point.
Nonetheless, if you are dealing with a survey article, the point is to present to the readers all that has been composed on a theme, so you should incorporate a more thorough list of references.
Your vancouver reference list links with your in-text citations, enabling readers to easily trace the sources cited within your work. It is a list of the documents from which any direct quotations or examples have been taken.
A vancouver bibliography (where you give credit to sources that were used for background reading, but were not quoted within the body of the text), is not usually required.
You should however always check this first, with the person who will be assessing your work. Your reference list (and bibliography if you choose to provide one) should be arranged numerically in the order that the citations appear in the text.
The reference list in Vancouver looks simple but is not because it is such a deviation from other lists of sources. It does not use italics or follow the rules of other lists.
|Books||Author AA. Title of book. Edition [if not first]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Pagination.|
|Author AA, Author BB. Title of book. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter title; p. x – xx.|
|Author AA. Title of web page [Internet]. Place of publication: Sponsor of Website/Publisher; Year of publication [cited YYYY Mm DD]. Number of pages. Available from: URL doi: (if available)|
|Author AA, Author BB. Title of the book [Internet]. Edition. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication. Chapter number, Chapter title; [cited YYYY Mm DD]. Location of part. Available from: URL doi: (if available)|
|Author AA, Author BB. Title of chapter. In: Editor AA, Editor BB, editors. Title of the book [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Year of publication [cited YYYY Mm DD]. Location of part (either chapter number or pages). Available from: URL doi: (if available)|
|Journals||Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mm DD; volume number (issue number): page numbers.|
|Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF, et al. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mm DD; volume number (issue number): page numbers.|
|Organization’s name. Title of article. Abbreviated title of journal. Date of publication YYYY Mm DD; volume number (issue number): page numbers.|
|Author AA, Author BB. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mm [cited YYYY Mm DD]; volume number (issue number): page numbers. Available from: URL|
|Author AA, Author BB, Author CC, Author DD, Author EE, Author FF. Title of article. Abbreviated title of Journal [Internet]. Year of publication [cited YYYY Mm DD]; volume number (issue number): page numbers. Available from: URL doi:|
|Newspapers||Author AA. Article title. Newspaper Title (Edition.). Date of publication YYYY Mm DD; Section: Page where article begins (column where article begins).|
|Author AA. Article title. Newspaper Title (Edition.) [Internet]. Date of publication YYYY Mm DD [cited YYYY Mm DD]; Section: [length of article.]. Available from: URL|
|Website||Author / organization’s name. Title of the page [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date or year of publication [updated YYYY Mm DD; cited YYYY Mm DD]. Available from: URL|
|Title of the homepage [Internet]. Place of publication: Publisher; Date or year of publication. Title of specific page / part; Date of publication of part [Date cited of part YYY Mm DD]; [location or pagination of part]. Available from: URL|
|YouTube||Publisher. Title [format]. Date it was uploaded. Available from: website address|
Different academic writing styles have different rules for when there is missing information. In some cases, the rules say that you should simply ignore that fact. Like in the vancouver style. However, in others you are meant to acknowledge the absence of that information.
In the case of missing author name, you are meant to ignore the fact that there is no author and simply start the entry with the title instead. For example imagine a website source,
Title [Internet]. Year [cited yyyy mm dd]. Available from: link
In the case of a missing date especially with corporate websites, you are also required to simply ignore the date part. Some academic writing styles like MHRA and APA will have you placing ‘n.d.’ where the date should be. In Vancouver, you are not required to do that. Simply include the information you do have.
You may also be missing information about the page. This information is often necessary especially when you are directly quoting a source. This information is also important where the source is hefty and you need to pinpoint exactly where the information came from. In this case, you would cite the paragraph instead. Simply count the number of paragraphs from the top.
Vancouver breaks the mold when it comes to citation and referencing design. It uses a numerical system which is not common. It is a deviation from the usual author-date and note-bibliography designs.
Still, it is pretty straight forward. It is easy to understand and apply if you can take the time to go through the guide. Therefore, save yourself the time. Contact us.
Let us tackle the vancouver style for you. The good news is that the Vancouver guide is not too keen on how you write things within the text. You have full reign to do what you want there. As long as the citation and referencing is done right.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more