Health Leadership & Systems Thinking
Health care administration problems are generally complex as many involve a series of causes that may directly impact an organization and community. As a result, special challenges await health care administration leaders, and they must be ready to address such challenges with efficiency and effectiveness. Therefore, a developed personal health care administration leadership theory may assist leaders with a framework that highlights leadership perspectives for use in the field.
· This week, you finalize your personal Health Care Administration Leadership Theory. With a blended understanding of various leadership perspectives examined in this course, your development of a leadership theory with attention to present gaps in the literature may provide a necessary framework for future best practices in the field.
· Apply leadership concepts and perspectives to health care administration issues and research
· Apply leadership perspectives to the development of a personal Health Care Administration Leadership Theory
· Apply research methods to the design of an evaluation plan
· Nahavandi, A. (2015). The art and science of leadership (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Chapter 1, “Definition and Significance of Leadership” (pp. 2–21)
Chapter 6, “Current Era in Leadership” (pp. 178–201)
Chapter 7, “Other Leadership Perspectives” (pp. 211–236)
Chapter 9, “Leading Change” (pp. 278–300)
Chapter 10, “Developing Leaders” (pp. 310–332)
· Anderson, M. M., & Garman, A. N. (2014). Leadership development in healthcare systems: Toward an evidence-based approach. Retrieved from http://nchl.org/Documents/Ctrl_Hyperlink/NCHL_Leadership_Survey_White_Paper_Final_05.14_uid6232014300422.pdf
Used with permission from the National Center for Healthcare Leadership, 1700 W. Van Buren, Suite 126B, Chicago, IL, 60612, USA. Phone: 312-563-6630; FAX: 312-563-6631. Anderson, M.; Garman, A., & National Center for Healthcare Leadership. (2014). Leadership Development in Healthcare Systems: Toward an Evidence-based Approach. Retrieved from http://nchl.org/Documents/Ctrl_Hyperlink/NCHL_Leadership_Survey_White_Paper_Final_05.14_uid6232014300422.pdf.
· Avolio, B. J., Walumbwa, F. O., & Weber, T. J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60(1), 421–449.
· Best, A., & Holmes, B. (2010). Systems thinking, knowledge and action: Towards better models and methods. Evidence & Policy: A Journal of Research, Debate & Practice, 6(2), 145-159.
· Document: Scholar-Practitioner Project Overview (PDF)
Document: Doctoral Study Template (PDF). Note: You will use this template the scholar –Practitioner Project.
The Assignment Part
Final Exam: Scholar-Practitioner Overview (PDF)
Scholar-Practitioner Project: Health Care Administration Leadership Theory
For your final written Assignment, you refine and develop your Health Care Administration Leadership Theory based on insights gained in this course about leadership theories and a systems thinking approach. For this Assignment, your theory should reflect Instructor feedback, researched studies, introspection, innovation, and literature analysis.
The Assignment (15–20 pages):
Section 1: Abstract and Introduction (1–2 pages)
Section 2: Revised Literature Review and Problem Statement (5–7 pages):
Literature Review to include:
· A synthesis of the literature of 15–20 peer reviewed, scholarly resources
· A description of theoretical gaps in the research
Problem Statement to include:
· An explanation of the specific problem that addresses identified gaps within the literature
· An explanation of how your problem statement incorporates implications for positive social change
Section 3: Personal Health Care Administration Leadership Theory (2–3 pages):
· An articulation of your personal Health Care Administration Leadership Theory
Section 4: Revised Visual Representation of Your Health Care Administration Leadership Theory (3–4 pages):
Your visual representation should include:
· Your personal Health Care Administration Leadership Theory to address the gaps identified in the literature
· A visual representation of the theory (e.g., table, graph, matrix)
· An explanation on how the theory addresses the literature gaps identified in Week 5
· A description of how your theory incorporates aspects of systems thinking
Section 5: Empirical Evaluation Plan for a Health Care Administration Leadership Theory (3–4 pages):
You will assess if the newly developed leadership theory addresses the problem you have been working on. What methodological steps will you use? How will you collect data? Suggestion: start with how theories in our text are evaluated. It does not have to be detailed, but it must include the methods, measures, and analytic techniques.
If the Assignments are done correctly, there should be an alignment from the topic of choice to the evaluation:
· The topic is researched in the literature. The literature review points out a theoretical gap that needs to be addressed by leadership.
· The gap is turned into a problem statement.
· A leadership theory to address the problem is proposed.
· The theory is depicted in a visual.
· An evaluation plan describes how the newly developed theory resolves the problem identified in the literature.
Section 6: Conclusion (1–2 pages)
Section 7: References:
An APA-formatted reference list of 15–20 peer-review By Day 7
Submit your Scholar-Practitioner Project.
Support your Project with specific references to all resources and the current literature used in its preparation. You are to provide a reference list for all resources, including those in the Learning Resources for this course.
Submission and Grading Information
To submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:
· Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK11Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.
· Click the Week 11 Project Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.
· Click the Week 11 Project link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.
· Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK11Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.
· If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.
Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.
To access your rubric:
Week 11 Project Rubric
Check Your Assignment Draft for Authenticity
To check your Assignment draft for authenticity:
Submit your Week 11 Project draft and review the originality report.
Submit Your Assignment by Day 7
To submit your Assignment:
Week 11 Project viewed, scholarly journals
PLEASE LOOK & USE
Week 11: Scholar- Practitioner Project: Health Care Administration Leadership Theory.
Health care Administration Leadership Theory
The Assignment (15-20 pages):
Section 1-Abstract and Introduction (1-2 pages).
Section 2-Revised Literature Review & Problem Statement (5-7 pages)
1) Literature Review to include:
· A Synthesis of the Literature of 15-20 peer-reviewed, Scholarly resources.
· A description of theorical gaps in the research.
2) Problem Statement to Include:
· An explanation of the specific problem that addresses identified gaps within the Literature.
· An explanation of how your problem statement incorporates implications for positive social change.
Section3-4 Personal Health care Administration Leadership Theory (2-3pages):
· An articulation of your Personal Health care Administration leadership Theory.
Representation of your Health care Administration leadership Theory (3-4 pages)
Your Visual representation should include:
· Your personal health care Administration leadership Theory to address the gaps identified in the literature.
· A visual representation of the theory (e.g. table, Graph, Matrix).
· An explanation of how the theory addresses the literature gaps identified in week 5.
· A description of how your theory incorporates aspects of systems thinking.
Section 5-Emprical Evaluation Plan for a health care Administration Leadership Theory (3-4 pages).
Your empirical evaluation plan includes:
· A description of appropriate methods, measures, and possible analytical techniques for evaluating your recommendations using the learning Resources and current literature.
Section 6- Conclusion (1-2 pages)
Section 7- References:
· An APA- formatted references list of 15-20 peer-reviewed, Scholarly Journals.
WEEK 11 DOCTORAL STUDY TEMPLATE (PDF). PLEASE STUDY THIS EXAMPLE & USE.
Week 11: Doctoral Study Template (PDF). Note: You will use this template the Scholar-Practitioner Project.
Comment [EL]: When working with the template, be sure
have the formatting marks showing so that you can see
where the character spaces, paragraph returns, and
pages and sections breaks are. It is important when
typing in your own text that you do not delete or
copy over any of the breaks (page breaks or section
breaks) that are set up in the template. This is important because it affects the page numbering, which is set in the template per guideline. Removing template breaks will throw off the correct pagination.
In Microsoft Word 2007, 2010, or 2013, Click on the Home tab, then in the paragraph area, click on the show
Hide icon! In word 2003, click on the show [Hidden! On the standard toolbar.
Double space the title if it goes over one line.
MA/MS, [University, 20xx
Bs, [University], 20xx
Comment [3: This information is optional.
Doctoral Study Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Health care Administration.
[Last Month of Quarter you plan to Graduate] 20xx
Insert abstract here; it should be no more than one page. Abstract text must be doublespaced with no paragraph breaks. Describe the overall research problem being addressed
in the first couple of sentences and indicate why it is important (e.g., who would care if
the problem is solved). You can include a general introduction of the issue in the first
sentence, but you need to move to a clear statement of the research problem being
addressed. Identify the purpose of the study; state theoretical foundation; summarize the
key research question(s); and describe concisely the overall research design, methods and
data analytic procedures. Identify the key results and findings and recommendations that
capture the heart of the research for the final doctoral study; however do not include
results and conclusions in the proposal abstract. Conclude with a statement on the
application to professional practice and the implications for positive social change. Here
are some form and style tips for the abstract: (a) limit the abstract to one typed page; (b)
maintain the scholarly language used throughout the doctoral study; (c) keep the abstract
concise, accurate, and readable; (d) use correct English; (e) ensure each sentence adds
value to the reader’s understanding of the research; and (f) use the full name of any
abbreviation, and include the abbreviation in parentheses if you use it again in the
abstract. Do not include references or citations in the abstract. Per APA style, unless at
the start of a sentence, use numerals in the abstract, not written out numbers. For more
guidance on writing this paragraph, consult the abstract assistance materials available on
the Center for Research Quality website.
Doctoral Study Title by
Comments [E4]: This title page is exactly the same as the Abstract title page, without the word Abstract at the top.
[Your official name]
Comments [E5]: This information is optional if you left it off the abstract title page, leave it off here too.
BS, [University], 20xx
Comments [E6]: To delete these comment balloons, have your cursor in the balloon, right click, and choose Delete comment.
Doctoral Study Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctoral Health Care Administration.
[Last Month of quarter you plan to graduate] 20xx
This is an optional page for a dedication. If you include a dedication, Use regular paragraph spacing as shown here (not centered, italicized, or otherwise formatted). If you do not wish to include this page, delete the heading and the body text.
This is an optional page for acknowledgments if is a nice place to thank the faculty, family members, and friends who helped you reach this point in your academic career.
No page number appears on any of the pages up to this point; if you do not wish to include this page, delete the heading and the body text, but leave the section blank that you see below this text.
Table of Contents
List of Tables——————————————————————– ii
List of figures——————————————————————— iii
Section1: Foundation of the study & Literature (level O heading) ———- 1
Level 1 Heading ———————————-1
APA level 2 Heading ————————–1
Section 1: Research Design & Data Collection —————— 3
First Heading ————————————- 3
Section 3: Presentation of the Results & Findings ————— 4
First Heading —————————- 4
Section 4: Application to Professional Practice and Implications for social change ———— 6
First Heading ————————- 6
References ————————- 7
Appendix A: Title of Appendix ———— 9
Use this table of contents (TOC) as an example of what one looks like. When it comes time for creating your own TOC, Right CLICK anywhere in the Table of contents, select updated FIELD, then select update Entire Table or UPDATE PAGE NUMBERS ONLY, and click OK. The table of contents will be generated using the style tags form the template; you will also be able to automatically update the TOC, both added headings and page numbers.
List of Tables
Table 1: A sample Table showing correct Formatting: Error! Bookmark not defined.
When you update the list of tables, the table number and title will come without a period between them; you will need to manually add that period after all table numbers, as shown for Table. In addition the title will retain the italics from the narrative when the list of Tables is updated. Once your list is finalized, select the entire list and change it all plain type.
List of Figures
Figure 1: Figure Caption goes here ——————— xx
The List of figures is not set up to automatically update. If you have figures in your document, type them in manually here, following the example above. Alternatively, follow these instructions, which will allow automatic updating of the list of figures.
(1) Use the cursor to highlight the figure number and caption where they appear in the narrative sections [Figure/Section Caption].
(2) Press shift + ALT + the letter 0]. In the mark Table of Contents Entry that comes up, you will see the figure information that you highlighted in the Entry box. Put A in the Table identifier box. Put 1 in the level box. Do not close the Mark Table of contents Entry Box. Work can be done while is open.
(3) Continue to follow this protocol for all figures. You will see parenthetical entry field coding beside each figure caption when you have the formatting showing.
(4) Close mark Table of contents Entry Box.
(5) Place your cursor on the list of figures page in the TOC.
(6) Open the Reference tab.
(7) Left click insert tables of figures
(8) In the table of figures box that comes up, put a check in the “Show page Numbers” and “Right align Page number boxes”. Remove the check from the hyperlink box. Put dot leaders in the Tab Leader box. Under General, Format is “From Template” caption label is “Figure”. Put a check in the “Include label and number” box.
(9) Go to options. Remove check in the “Table entry field” Box. Put A in the Table identifier box. Click OK again on initial Table of figures box.
(10) The figures will appear on the list of figures page. You may have to reformat the spacing and font. If the captions themselves change in the narrative, this whole process must be repeated. If only the page numbers change, do this: (a) left click to place the cursor anywhere on the figures mentioned on the list of figures page.
(B) Right click “Update field”
(c) Place bullet in circle for option to update page numbers only.
(d) Left click OK.
(e) The page numbers will update automatically.
Section 1: Foundation of the study and Literature Review
[Level O] Heading
Comments [E7]: This heading is staged with the style level O.
Level 1 Heading
Comments [E8]: This heading is tagged with the style level 1.
Begin text here.
APA level 2 [Heading]
Comments [E9]: This heading is tagged with the style APA level 2. If you click on the title, you will see that style appear in the style list on the formatting toolbar. When you add more level 2 headings, type the in title case and apply the style to the new title.
Place your text here; when placing your cursor on this text, you will see in the style menu that paragraph is tapped “Body Text”. That means it will automatically appear double-spaced with the first line indented, per Walden style. The sixth edition of the APA manual advises two character spaces between sentences. Walden accepts either one or two spaces; either is accepting, just be consistent. The text in this template has one character space between sentences.
You can find the style menu in Microsoft Word 2007, 2010 or 2013 by clicking on the Home tab on the standard toolbar; styles is one of the choices you will see. Click on the arrow icon on the right side of the styles bar, and the drop-down menu of styles will appear. In word 2003, look in the upper left corner of your screen, on the formatting toolbar, for the drop-down style menu.
To apply this template’s formatting to the text of your paper, simply highlight the paragraphs) or heading you want to format, and choose the appropriate tag from the style menu. The list of style tags includes all levels of headings, block quotes, table and figure captions, reference, and body text.
APA level 3 [heading]. Text begins here
Comment [E10]: This is tagged with APA level 3 style. This heading level does not appear in the Table of contents, so when you update your table of contents, level 3 heading title and a period, then apply the style tag. Make sure the text following the heading is in plain, not hold, type.
APA level 4 [heading]. Text begins here
Comments [E11]. This heading is tagged with APA level 4 style. This heading level does not appear in the Table of contents, so when you update your table contents, level 4 headings will not be brought in Type in your heading title and a period, then apply the style tag. Make sure the text following the heading is in plain, not hold type.
The following is an example of a block quote. 2
This is an example of a black quote. Now is the time to do the work that needs to be done. This is an example of a block quote. Now is the time to do the work that needs to be done. (Author, date, p. #).
If you make a mistake and something changes that did not want to change. In Word 2007, 2010, or 2013, either type Ctrl (Control Key) z or on the Quick Access toolbar, next to save, click on the arrow icon for Undo. In Word 2003, go to Edit, Undo Typing.
As you continue to develop your proposal and dissertation in this template, use the instructions in comments 9 to 11 to add new headings and new text. For guidance on the content of sections of a proposal or dissertation in the new headings and new text. For guidance on the content of sections of a proposal or doctoral study, go to the center for Research Quality of Health care Administration page http://academicguides.walden.edu/researchcenter/osra/DHA, and Consult the DHA Doctoral Study Checklist.
For guidance on APA style rules, go to the writing center website, or consult the form and style sections of the Doctoral study Guidebook at http://academicguides.walden.edu/researchcenter/ osra/DHA.
Section 2: Research Design and Data Collection 3
Insert the text of your literature review here. Report the Literature in past tense, as in Jones (2003) argued, not Jones (2003) argues. For more guidance on the content of this section, consult the Doctor Study Checklist on the DHA page of the center for Research Quality Website. Here are some additional tips for presenting data in vertical list form.
(1) In the body of your paper, use this format when presenting information as a vertical as vertical list Comment [E12]. This example of a numbered list uses word’s automatic list numbering features.
(2) When the order of the items in the list is important, use a numbered list. Use a bulleted vertical list when you do not need to indicate a certain order or chronology.
· This is an example of a bulleted list.
· It follows the same format as for a numbered list, with the bulleted point indented the same as a paragraph indent.
Section 3: Presentation of the Results & Findings.
Discuss your research method here. Refer to the Doctoral Study Checklist for guidance on the content for guidance on the content for this section. This is an example of a table in APA Style (see Table 1).
A sample Table showing Correct [Formatting] 1
Volume A B C D
Font size of a table can be smaller than body text, but no smaller than 8 pt. You may change the font to a scan serif Row 1
Row 4 such as Arial if you wish. The table number has a style tag ( table Number) as does the table title (Table Title). Type the table number. Then hit the Enter Key to get to the table title line. Type your table title in the case, then apply the style Table Title. In APA style, tables have no vertical lines.
Note 1. From “Analysis of Automotive Retooling” by A. Hybrid, 2005, Journal of Energy-Efficient cars, 5(2), p. 11. Copyright 2005 by the Association against Global warning. Reprinted with Permission.
Comment [E14]: The Note cites source of data that aren’t original to your study. You must obtain permission to reprint information to reprint that is not in the publication. Include letters of permission in an appendix.
This is an example of a figure labeled per APA style. Note that the label is placed under the figure itself. As with tables, refer to the figure by number in the narrative text proceeding the placement of the figure (see figure).
[Place figure here]
Figure 1. This is a sample of a figure Caption.
Follow these instructions to allow figure number and caption to update in the List of Figures.
(1) Use the Cursor to highlight the figure number and caption. [Figure 1. Text].
(2) Press shift + ALT + the letter O). In the Mark Table of contents Enter that comes up, you will see the figure information that you highlighted in the Entry box. Put A in the Table identifier box. Put 1 in the level box. Do not close the Mark table of contents of contents Entry box. Work can be done while it is open.
(3) Continue to follow this protocol for all figures. You will see parenthetical entry field coding beside each figure caption.
(4) Close Mark table of contents Entry box.
(5) Place your cursor on the List of Figures page in the TOC.
(6) Open the reference tab.
(7) Left click Insert table of figures.
(8) In the Table of Figures box that comes up, put in the “Show page numbers” and “Right align number boxes. “Remove the check from the hyperlink box. Put dot leaders in the Tab leader box. Under general, format is “From template”. Caption label is “Figure”. Put a check in the “Include label and number” box.
(9) Go to options. Remove check from “style” box. Put a check in the “Table entry field” box. Put A in the Table identifier box. Click Ok again on initial Table of figures box.
(10) The figures will appear on the list of figures page. You may have to reformat the spacing and font. If the captions themselves change, this whole process must be repeated. If only the page numbers change do this:
(a) Left click to place the cursor anywhere on the figures mentioned on the list of figure page.
(b) Right click “Update field”.
(c) Place bullet in circle for option to update numbers only.
(d) Left click Ok.
(e) The Page numbers will update automatically.
Section 4: Application to professional Practice and Implications for Social change.
Refer to the Doctoral Study Checklist for guidance on the content for this section.
Insert Reference here. Examples of some common types of reference follow; See APA 6.22 and chapter 7 for more details. These sample entries are tagged with the “APA Reference” style tag, which means the line spacing and hanging indent are automatic. Apply the “APA Reference” style tag to your entries. Pay special attention to italics, capitalization, and punctuation, the style tag does the entry.
Author, A.A, Author B.B., & Author, C. C. (1994). Title of article. Title of Periodical, xx(x), xxx-xxx.
Online Periodical (Journal)
Author, A.A., Author B.B., & Author, C.C. (1994). Title of article. Title of periodical, xx (x), xxx-xxx. Doi: xxxxxx.
Author, A.A. (1994). Title of work. City of Publications, St of Publisher.
Chapter in a book
Author, A.A., & Author, B.B. (1994). Title of Chapter. In a . Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.). Title of book (pp. xxx-xxx). City, ST: Publisher.
The Publication Manual of the American Psychological examples of reference list entries. For more information on references or APA style, consult the APA website or the Walden Writing Center website.
Appendix A: Title of Appendix
Insert appendix here: Appendices are ordered with letters rather than numbers. The appendices must adhere to the same margin specifications as the body of the dissertation. Photocopied or previously printed material may have to be shifted on the page or reduced in size to fit within the area bounded by the margins.
If the only thing in an appendix is a table, the table title serves as the title of the appendix; no label is need for the tables in the appendix, label the table with the letter of the appendix (eg, Table A1, Table A2, Table A3, and so on). These tables would be listed in the list of Tables at the end of the Table of Contents. If you include in an appendix any prepublished materials that are not in the public domain, you must also include permission to do so.
Template updated 2/18/15.
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