In introduction, the author points the automobile that is most important industry in Europe to make readers initially think that the context is about the relationship between the Europe and the cars, and then he gives an example that about cheating on emission standards to deeply clarify what he would discuss about in the following paragraph. Therefore, for the following paragraph, to persuade the readers, the author instantly show the numbers of emission in carbon dioxide in 2019, and the goal they want to achieve after 2030. Also, he gives the gasoline engine and diesel engine to compare which emit more CO2, and shows the trend of CO2 emission between 2006 to 2018. It indicates that the average emissions for new registered vehicles were around 161g/km in 2006, and then because the cars become smaller and lighter, the emission falls to 118g/km. However, the emission climbs back to 120g/km by 2018. After the author discuss the gasoline engine, he tries to guide readers to the electric vehicles. And then he instantly points out the flaws which EU consider that EVs do not emit any CO2. He states that the formula is a scam because of EV’s battery. It uses a lot of fossil fuel to produce EV batteries, and it just offsets the emission reduction. Moreover, he gives another evidence to convince readers. He published a research paper with the physicist. The paper is about EV emits slightly more CO2 than diesel car, although the battery offers drivers more than half range of a tank of diesel. And the data is from VW. Furthermore, the author gives the study that shows only if the EV must drive over 219,000 km, it equals to the CO2 emission of the diesel cars, but the batteries cannot last for this distance. After that, he gives his solution that the EU need to modify its policy in its emissions trading system. Also, he believes that the EU would not do anything on this issue because it will influence many stratus. Consequently, after analyzing the whole passage, I found that author use a lot of ethos concept, like facts, research, and numbers, to get readers’ credibility. By using these evidences, he can easily convince his readers. Also, he uses the proper ideas to give his solution, and conclusion, and then he lets readers more believe the author’s passage.
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